A Southern Regional Railroad - 1930's - 1940's
Mobile and Ohio Railroad


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The Mobile & Ohio (M&O) was chartered in January and February of 1848 by the states of Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee. It was planned to span the distance between the seaport of Mobile, Alabama and the Ohio River near Cairo, Illinois. Actually the M&O was completed all the way north to St. Louis in the early 1880's. On September 13, 1940, it was merged with the Gulf, Mobile and Northern Railroad to form the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad (wik). M&O
Mobile and Ohio
May 14, 1935
During the 30's the M&O operated a name train the Gulf Coast Special between St. Louis and Mobile, In 1931 the M&O offered through Pullman car service to Chicago on the Gulf Coast Special via the IC from Cairo Jct., but by 1933 this service had been discontinued and replaced by optional routing for passengers ticketed to Chicago or beyond. They could travel either through Cairo or St. Louis on the Illinois Central through a train change. In 1940 the M&O was combined with the GM&N to become the Gulf Mobile and Ohio Railroad.
Short history of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad
1837- Panic of 1837 left the port of Mobile with much less
business, so businessmen and citizens conceived a plan to
build a railroad to Cairo, Illinois on the Ohio River..
1852 - Line opened between Mobile & Citronelle, Alabama.
1861 - Line completed to Columbus, Kentucky.
1861 - Steamboats used to connect with Illinois Central Railroad at Cairo.
1862-1865 - Civil War left M&O almost entirely destroyed and in large debt.
1876 - M&O in receivership.
1882 - Line finally completed to Cairo, Illinois.
cir 1882 - M&O acquired St. Louis and Cairo Railroad, a narrow gauge line. It converted the SL&C to standard gauge, thus completing line from Mobile to St. Louis.
1898 - Line from Tuscaloosa to Montgomery, Alabama completed.
1899 - Line from Mobile to Bayou La Batre completed as the Mobile & Bay Shore Railway.
1901-02 - Southern obtains control through stock exchange but M&O operates as a separate entity when Southern merger plans are rejected.
1908-1926 - M&O was prosperous.
1926-1930 - Net income declined sharply,
1932 - M&O in receivership. Southern was accused of using M&O for its own advantage.
1933 - A suit against Southern was dropped.
1940 - Southern sold its M&O bonds to the Gulf Mobile and Northern Railroad, and the M&O was combined with the GM&N to become the Gulf Mobile and Ohio Railroad.
M&Omap
Mobile & Ohio 1935 map

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Private Collection of Richard R. Parks(rp)
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Web Page Written and Maintained by Richard Parks
Copyright Richard Parks, April 29, 2009, revised Sept. 5, 2011